Kajian Antropolinguistik Bentuk Lingual Umbu dalam Nyanyian Tidur “Ille Le” pada Masyarakat Melolo, Kabupaten Sumba Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur (Antropholinguistic Study Word "Umbu‟ in Sleeping Song “Ille Le” at the Melolo Community, East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara)

I Iswanto, Viktor J. Arnold, Jefri Kabnani, Triati Salau

Abstract


Antropolinguistik menempatkan bahasa sebagai kajian utama dan keberadaannya dalam berbagai aspek kebahasaan. Jika dalil tersebut digunakan, lirik sebagai aspek kebahasaan bergayut dengan musikalitas nyanyian “Ille Le” ‗nyanyian tidur‘ masyarakat Melolo. Secara lebih spesifik ditetapkan masalah dalam penelitian ini yaitu bagaimana kajian antropolinguistik bentuk lingual umbu nyanyian tidur “Ille Le” pada masyarakat Melolo, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Berdasarkan kajian pustaka diperoleh research gap yaitu penelitian spesifik antropolinguitik kajian nyanyian budaya. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah semiotik kognitif berdasarkan prinsip semiotik de Saussure. Metode penelitian menggunakan ancangan kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi.. Hasil penelitian 1) lirik patriarkat terlihat dalam struktur syair “Ille Le” pada kata umbu ‗anak laki-laki‘; 2) lirik ini dinyanyikan berulang dalam ambitus nada pentatonik. Nyanyian “Ille Le” menceritakan kehidupan masyarakat Melolo pada seorang bayi laki-laki „umbu‟.. Kebaruan dalam penelitian ini yaitu kajian antropolinguistik yang berkaitan dengan lirik nyanyian budaya. Bentuk lingual yang khas tidak dapat dipisahkan dari bentuk musikalnya. 

 

Anthropolinguistics places language as the main study and its existence in various aspects of language. Anthropolinguistics in this study relates to the lyrics and musicality of the song “Ille Le” „sleep song‟ of the people of Melolo, East Nusa Tenggara. The problem in this research is how the anthropolinguistic study of patriarchal lyrics in „“Ille Le”‟ sleep songs in the Melolo community, East Sumba Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Based on the literature review, it was obtained research gap are specific anthropolinguistic research on cultural singing studies. The song „“Ille Le”‟ can be grouped into oral literature, the linguistic aspect is influenced by a unique ethnic music style. The theory used in this research is cognitive semiotics based on de Saussure semiotics. The research method used a qualitative design with a fenomenology approach. The results of the study 1) patriarchal lyrics can be seen in the poetry structure “Ille Le” in the word umbu 'boys'; 2) these lyrics are sung over and over in ambitus pentatonic tones. The song “Ille Le” seeks the life of the Melolo community in a baby boy 'umbu'. The distinctive lingual form cannot be separated from the musical form.


Keywords


Antropolinguistik, “Ille Le”, Melolo

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36567/jalabahasa.v17i2.768

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